More than 100 hippos have died in Namibia in a remote national park in the past week, the country’s environment minister said on Monday, warning that anthrax could be to blame. Images from the Bwabwata national park in north-east Namibia showed dozens of lifeless hippos, some flat on their backs, others with just their heads […]
Triton, a lion in the Johannesburg Zoo, becomes a (very) big kitten when around a soccer ball.
Nature Canada is pleased to announce that the Stewardship Centre for BC (SCBC) has won Nature Canada’s 2017 Conservation Partner Award.
The award recognizes the conservation efforts of a Nature Canada partner organization whose work has significantly contributed to the cause of conservation in Canada. In this case, it was awarded to SCBC for its tireless work towards Keeping Cats Safe and Saving Bird Lives.
SCBC’s research into municipalities has helped our coalition better understand the issue in BC and its strong resources for municipalities has greatly helped our cause, not only in BC, but across the country. SCBC has also helped the Cats and Birds program by bringing other provincial partners into the fold and actively engaging on social media.
Overview of SCBC’s work on Cats and Birds:
Survey on attitudes and opinions
While the impact of domestic and feral cats on the mortality of birds has been documented, there are few studies in Canada examining public attitudes towards free-roaming cats.
However, last winter the Stewardship Centre for British Columbia (SCBC) worked with UBC Environmental Science students to develop a public online survey and a targeted telephone survey to better understand perceptions surrounding free-roaming domestic cats.
A major finding of the survey was that two-thirds of British Columbian cat-owners feel it is appropriate or somewhat appropriate to allow cats to be outside unsupervised. SCBC’s future education and outreach will work on changing these attitudes. The full survey report will be available soon.
SCBC work with municipalities
The targeted phone interviews with local governments and animal welfare organizations collected information on current policies, practices and bylaws in place in their communities. This work revealed that few municipalities had effective no-roam bylaws.
SCBC is currently arranging partnerships with some local municipalities on cat and bird educational campaigns as a first step in securing changes at the local level.
Additionally, two earlier documents that SCBC created, Briefing Note for Local Governments and Recommended Policy and Bylaws documents, were updated last year by Nature Canada to address a national audience, and distributed across the country.
One very successful information piece for cat owners has been the educational “Happy Cat” brochure, first developed by SCBC in 2015. Last spring, the brochure was updated and now includes information on cats’ impact on vulnerable bat populations.
SCBC also has a more detailed Stewardship Practices guide “Reducing the Impact of Cats on Birds and Wildlife (2016).”
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Izak and Inki continue their report on their journey through Namibia to see the vanishing desert lions.
Our journey with Izak and Inki in search of the vanishing desert lions continues. These two amazing people are with Desert Lions Human Relationship Aid (DeLHRA) and are determined to protect Namibia’s lions from human-wildlife conflicts.
Izak continues his story…
We left the Okongwe area and were happy to see quite a bit of game roaming the plains to the South Western side of Giribes Plains. Clearly game was just congregating and this was by no means an indication that game was present in abundance. Grass was still in abundance explaining their presence, but soon the cattle will be driven in, driving off/competing with the plains game in the process. Game will then return to the ephemeral rivers whilst awaiting the next rain cycle, if it comes, which is good news for the predators as it will make hunting a lot easier. Only Cheetahs can effectively hunt prey on the plains as they have the speed it requires. Ambushing and using stealth becomes difficult on the plains as the game/prey often pair up with/graze in close proximity of Ostriches in symbiosis as they benefit by the superior eyesight of these whistle blowers/sentries.
We could see significant changes in the Obiasriver that had been caused by flash floods during the recent rainy season.
The Hoanibriver was mostly devoid of life barring a herd of Elephants passing through. We visited Dubis waterhole and saw two day old tracks of the Hoanib pride. Further East at Elephant Song we saw day old tracks of the pride existing of one male and two females of almost 4 years old (one collared female XPL 103 or “Little Tina”.) We were excited and hope to get to see them flared up. We crossed the Hoanibriver near Oruvero the next morning en route to Orowau as we hoped to see some activity by Kebbel, XPL 81 who has recently been the topic of discussion and the subject of a world wide petition as he had been earmarked for a Trophy hunt. The Minister of Environment and Tourism has, after global appeals, cancelled the hunt, but we needed to see proof of Kebbel being alive and well with our own eyes. Near Orowau we saw fresh tracks of the Orowau pride but none of Kebbel and serious concern for his safety started creeping in, as we normally see his tracks in this area patrolling the area diligently! This feeling was exacerbated when we came a across a freshly prepared “baiting tree” on hunter’s drive. a Trap had been set, obviously for a large predator and the permit to hunt Kebbel had only recently been revoked….. . a Blind had been set up not far from the tree from where the hapless predator will be shot whilst trying to sustain itself lured by the bait hung from the tree. “Fair chase principle indeed”, we thought as we fought the urge to destroy the trap..!
The next morning we drove back to the crossing near Oruvero when something caught Inki’s eye on the riverbank. We got out and there it was, the track of an adult male Lion fresh as can be…!
Size-wise it corresponded with Kebbel’s as the younger male of the Hoanib, probably his son, track is slightly smaller by comparison. We have not seen any signs of Kebbels previous coalition partner XPL 87 whom we presume has died/been hunted under the radar a while ago so, in the absence of any other males known in the area and given that the track matched Kebbel’s shoe size, we were fairly convinced that it was made by Kebbel not long before we got to see it! We, unfortunately had no visual of Kebbel but were satisfied that on a scale of probability it was our boy and that he was alive and well!
Hours later it seemed that we just missed the Hoanib pride as they crossed a ridge just North of Elephant Song on their way back into the Hoanibriver. a Day or two later our good friend Nick Bornman was lucky enough to see the young male, one of his sisters and some tracks of very small cubs between Elephant Song and Dubis and sent us some photos of the male. On our previous encounter with the pride we noticed that the one female looked pregnant and this was now confirmed. New life in the Hoanib after the slaughter of many of their pride members during the past year in Human conflict incidents was very welcome and encouraging! Hopefully the resilience of these adapted Desert wonders will afford them another chance at survival, however if Human Lion conflict is not addressed soon this might be futile.
Consoled by the evidence that the Hoanib Lions were still surviving despite all the challenges they face, we left for the Driefontein-Springbokriver area near Bergsig.
We have received reports of a young male fitting the description of Nkosi, the young Huabriver male’s brother (also almost 4 years old) roaming the Zinkfontein/Jebico area along with a female and decided to drive through the area and try our luck. We named this young male “the prodigal son” as he has been missing since Gretzky, XPL 99, 6 years old, came up from the Ugab early this year and apparently had chased off Nkosi and his brother to claim mating rights on the three females, Minki, XPL 75 and XPL 76. Back then we found clear signs of a short battle that had clearly been lost by the two younger Lions who consequently left the pride. We have since found that every time Gretzky visits, Nkosi leaves and keeps a safe distance only to rejoin the pride as soon as Gretzky leaves for the Ugab again. The prodigal son, however, seems to have either left permanently or might have been killed/died/been shot under the radar. The news that he might have moved North to Zinkfontein/Springbokriver gave us hope and made logical sense.
We came across tracks that seem to fit the age of the young male we were looking for along with tracks of a Lioness, however did not see the originators. As we drove back to Driefontein we encountered a breeding herd of about 12 Elephants with about 5 young calves, some very young.
They seemed uneasy and moved away from us sniffing the air and displaying dissatisfaction with our presence even though we were quite a distance off. Not long after this we encountered the rest of the herd, this time about 10 Elephants, also with young calves. Although we were at a respectful distance, this time the whole herd unceremoniously turned and charged us. We needed no more persuasion to move off and pondered this unusual behavior as they were really aggressive. The only conclusion we could draw was that there must’ve been a recent incident where the herd was either shot at or at the very least put under some form of severe duress by humans with a vehicle. During our many visits over 30 years we have not seen Elephants act like this unless they had been exposed to some severe form of threat or stress of some kind recently.
We went past Driefontein farm which was now sporting corrals all covered in the green shade cloth donated by DeLHRA and found that all was calm and no recent conflict incidents have been reported. The defence held!
We continued to Fonteine farm, greeted our dear friend Jantjie Rhyn (he notched up many Lion killings in the past but became a big ally and friend and fully co-operates with us in our endeavors to mitigate and prevent Human Lion Conflict in the area since then). We decided to visit De Riet settlement and route for the Ugabriver via Mikberg. At de Riet all was reported well and shade cloth had been distributed to communal farmers to cover all the corrals by Vitalus Florry of the Torra Conservancy, sponsored by us, however, some corrals were not yet covered…the shade cloth was stored in a nearby hut. We urged the farmers to get those corrals covered asap and continued on our journey.
Near Mikberg the track came alive with fresh Lion tracks…….grinning from ear to ear we went into fully alert mode….was there a chance of seeing the Huab pride again?……
NEXT IN PART FOUR
SURPRIZE SURPRIZE AND…..DEJA FRIGGEN VOUS…….
Care to help Izak and Inki save these vanishing desert lions?
The winning images from the Natural History Museum’s 53rd Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition will make you laugh and cry.
A few weeks ago we ran a piece looking at some of the shortlisted images from the 2017 Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition.
Well, the winners have now been announced – and there are some truly wonderful pictures.
Not all are easy to digest, however, and the overall winning image is at the top of that list. ‘Memorial to a Species’, taken by South African photographer Brent Stirton, is a shocking depiction of the senseless brutality of the trade in rhino horns.
Brent found the de-horned black rhino in South Africa’s Hluhluwe Imfolozi Game Reserve. Once the most numerous rhino species, black rhinos are now critically endangered due to poaching and the illegal international trade.
Sadly, this was just one of 30 occasions on which he witnessed the aftermath of this barbaric crime – but the museum’s director Sir Michael Dixon hopes that by highlighting such an image, things can change. ‘Like the critically endangered black rhinoceros, blue whales were once hunted to the brink of extinction, but humanity acted on a global scale to protect them,’ he said.
‘This shocking picture of an animal butchered for its horns is a call to action for us all.’
Thankfully, not all the pictures are so depressing – many are celebrations of the joys of life, including the picture taken by the overall Young Wildlife Photographer of the Year, Daniël Nelson, who caught an off-guard moment with a gorilla at a national park in the Congo.
Ashleigh Scully’s winning picture in the 11-14 years old category is even funnier – a fox’s bottom protruding from snow after a failed attempt to catch some prey in Yellowstone during the winter.
We also particularly loved Marcio Cabral’s category-winning picture of a busy termite mound in Brazil – with an anteater who seems unable to believe his luck at having caught the best dinner of his lifetime.
And it has to be said, luck – as well as skill and patience – plays a major role in capturing such images. Anthony Berber was lucky to capture his small mauve stinger jellyfish in the wild, for example. But to grab a picture of it while a lobster larva was riding on its back was truly astonishing.
To see all the pictures yourself, visit the exhibition at the Natural History Museum in Kensington – the exhibition opens Friday 20 October and closes on Monday 28 May. And if you come away thinking you could do better yourself? Well, entries for the 2018 edition of the competition, #WPY54, open on Monday 23 October.
Winner 2017, 11-14 years old: Stuck in © Ashleigh Scully
Deep snow had blanketed the Lamar Valley in Yellowstone National Park, and the day was cold and overcast. This female American red fox was hunting beside the road, stepping quietly across the crusty surface of the snow. Every so often she would stop, stare, tilt her head from side to side and listen intently for the movement of prey – most likely a vole – beneath the snow.
Ashleigh was also poised, her camera lens resting on a beanbag out of the back window of the car. Just as the fox came parallel with the car, she stopped, listened, crouched and then leapt high in the air, punching down through the snow, forefeet and nose first and legs upended. She remained bottom-up for about 10 seconds, waving her tail slightly back and forth before using her back legs to pull out of the hole.
Ashleigh, who has been photographing foxes for many years, though mostly near her home, captured the whole sequence. ‘It was funny to see but also humbling to observe how hard the fox had to work to find a meal. I really wanted her to be successful.’ Unfortunately, she wasn’t. But then the image, says Ashleigh, ‘illustrates the harsh reality of winter life in Yellowstone’.
Grand title winner 2017: Memorial to a species © Brent Stirton – Wildlife Photographer of the Year
The killers were probably from a local community but working to order. Entering the Hluhluwe Imfolozi Game Reserve at night, they shot the black rhino bull using a silencer. Working fast, they hacked off the two horns and escaped before being discovered by the reserve’s patrol.
The horns would have been sold to a middleman and smuggled out of South Africa, probably via Mozambique, to China or Vietnam.
Winner 2017, Animals in Their Environment: The night raider © Marcio Cabral
It was the start of the rainy season, but though the night was humid, there were no clouds, and under the starry sky, the termite mounds now twinkled with intense green lights. For three seasons, Marcio had camped out in Brazil’s cerrado region, on the vast treeless savannah of Emas National Park, waiting for the right conditions to capture the light display. It happens when winged termites take to the sky to mate. Click beetle larvae living in the outer layers of the termite mounds poke out and flash their bioluminescent ‘headlights’ to lure in prey – the flying termites.
After days of rain, Marcio was finally able to capture the phenomenon, but he also got a surprise bonus. Out of the darkness ambled a giant anteater, oblivious of Marcio in his hide, and began to attack the tall, concrete-mud mound with its powerful claws, after the termites living deep inside.
Winner 2017, Behaviour – Mammals: Giant gathering © Tony Wu
Dozens of sperm whales mingled noisily off Sri Lanka’s northeast coast, stacked as far down as Tony could see. This was part of something special – a congregation of dozens, perhaps hundreds, of social units, like a kind of gathering of the clans.
Sperm whales are intelligent, long-lived and gregarious, and groups play, forage, interact and communicate in different ways and have distinctive cultures. Aggregations like this could be a critical part of their rich, social lives but are rarely reported.
Winner 2017, Wildlife Photojournalist – Single image: Palm-oil survivors © Aaron Gekoski
In eastern Sabah, on the island of Borneo, three generations of Bornean elephants edge their way across the terraces of an oil-palm plantation being cleared for replanting. Bornean elephants – regarded as a subspecies of the Asian elephant that may have been isolated on the island of Borneo for more than 300,000 years – is estimated to number no more than 1,000–2,000.
Elephants form strong social bonds, and females often stay together for their entire lives. Here, the group probably comprises a matriarch, two of her daughters and her grand-calf.
With the light fading fast, Bertie acted quickly to frame an image that symbolizes the impact that our insatiable demand for palm oil (used in half of the products on supermarket shelves) has on wildlife. ‘They huddled together, dwarfed by a desolate and desecrated landscape. A haunting image,’ he says.
Winner 2017, 10 years and under: The grip of the gulls © Ekaterina Bee
Like all her family, five-and-a-half-year-old Ekaterina is fascinated by nature, and she has also been using a camera since she was four years old. But on the boat trip off the coast of central Norway, her focus was not on the white tailed sea eagles that the others were photographing but on the cloud of herring gulls that followed the small boat as it left the harbour.
They were after food, and as soon as Ekaterina threw them some bread, they surrounded her. At first she was slightly scared by their boldness and beaks but soon became totally absorbed in watching and photographing them, lost in the noise, wingbeats and colours of feet and beaks in the whirl of white.
Winner 2017, Plants and fungi: Tapestry of life © Dorin Bofan
It was a quiet morning with flat light as Dorin stood alone on the shore of the fjord. He was contemplating the immense landscape bounding Hamnøy in the Lofoten Islands, Norway, when here and there, the clouds parted, allowing shafts of sunlight to fall on to the great walls of metamorphic rock, lighting up the swathes of vegetation coating the canyon and its slopes.
Drawn to the gentle curve at the base of the rock face – like the ‘moss-covered trunk of a veteran tree in a damp ancient wood’ – Dorin composed his picture, waiting until a break in the clouds yielded this brief moment in a timeless landscape, cloaked in a tapestry of Arctic-alpine vegetation.
Winner 2017, Behaviour: Invertebrates: Crab surprise © Justin Gilligan
Out of the blue, an aggregation of giant spider crabs the size of a football field wandered past. Known to converge in their thousands elsewhere in Australian waters – probably seeking safety in numbers before moulting – such gatherings were unknown in Mercury Passage off the east coast of Tasmania. Justin was busy documenting a University of Tasmania kelp transplant experiment and was taken completely by surprise.
A single giant spider crab can be hard to spot – algae and sponges often attach to its shell, providing excellent camouflage – but there was no missing this mass march-past, scavenging whatever food lay in their path on the sandy sea floor. ‘About 15 minutes later, I noticed an odd shape in the distance, moving among the writhing crabs,’ says Justin. It was a Maori octopus that seemed equally delighted with the unexpected bounty.
Winner 2017, Behaviour – Birds: The incubator bird © Gerry Pearce
Most birds incubate their eggs with their bodies. Not so the Australian brush turkey, one of a handful of birds – the megapodes – that do it with an oven. Only the males oversee incubation. In this case, a male had chosen to create his nest mound near Gerry’s home in Sydney, bordering Garigal National Park.
It took a month to build, out of leaves, soil and other debris, at which point it was more than a metrespent four months watching the male and his mound, every day from dawn. After seven weeks, and despite egg raids by a large lace monitor lizard, at least a quarter of the 20 or so eggs hatched.
Winner 2017, Earth’s Environments: The ice monster © Laurent Ballesta
Laurent and his expedition team had been silenced by the magnitude of the ice blocks – mountainous pieces of the ice shelf – awed in the knowledge that only 10 per cent of their volume is ever visible above the surface. The dive team were working out of the French Dumont d’Urville scientific base in east Antarctica, recording with film and photography the impact of global warming. Ice shelves in some parts of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet are melting faster than scientists had previously assumed, threatening a movement of land ice into the sea and raising sea levels dramatically.
When Laurent spotted this relatively small iceberg, he saw the chance to realise a long-held ambition – to show for the first time the underwater part. The berg was stuck in the ice field – hovering like a frozen planet – unable to flip over and so safe to explore. But it took three days, in virtually freezing water, to check out the location, install a grid of lines from the seabed to buoys (so that Laurent could maintain a definite distance from it) and then take the series of pictures – a substantial number, with a very wide angle lens – to capture the entire scene.
Winner 2017, Behaviour – Amphibians and Reptiles: The ancient ritual © Brian Skerry
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge on St Croix, in the US Virgin Islands, provides critical nesting habitat for leatherback turtles. Nesting turtles are not seen every night at Sandy Point, and were often too far away for Brian to reach.
When after two weeks he got the encounter he wanted – under clear skies, with no distant city lights – he hand-held a long exposure under the full moon, artfully evoking a primordial atmosphere in this timeless scene.
Grand title winner 2017, Young Wildlife Photographer of the Year: The good life © Daniel Nelson
Daniël met Caco in the forest of Odzala National Park in the Republic of Congo. A three hour trek through dense vegetation with skilled trackers led him to where the 16 strong Neptuno family was feeding and to a close encounter with one of the few habituated groups of western lowland gorillas.
In his compelling portrait of Caco – relaxed in his surroundings – Daniël captured the inextricable similarity between these wild apes and humans and the importance of the forest on which they depend.
Winner 2017, Animal Portraits: Contemplation © Peter Delaney
Totti couldn’t have tried harder. For more than an hour, he posed, gestured and called to entice one particular female down from the canopy, but nothing worked. The object of his desire ignored him. Peter, too, was frustrated. He had spent a long, difficult morning tracking the chimpanzees – part of a troop of some 250 – through Uganda’s Kibale National Park. ‘Photographing in a rainforest with dim light and splashes of sunlight means your exposure settings are forever changing.,’ he says.
Totti was on the ground at least, but he was busy with vigorous courtship, pacing and gesticulating. It was only when he finally flopped down, worn out with unrequited love, that Peter had his chance. ‘He lay back, hands behind his head, and rested for a moment, as if dreaming of what could have been.’
Winner 2017, Underwater: The jellyfish jockey © Anthony Berberian
In open ocean far off Tahiti, French Polynesia, Anthony regularly dives at night in water more than 2 kilometres (1¼ miles) deep. His aim is to photograph deep-sea creatures – tiny ones, that migrate to the surface under cover of darkness to feed on plankton.
This lobster larva (on top), just half an inch across, with spiny legs, a flattened, transparent body and eyes on stalks, was at a stage when its form is called a phyllosoma. Its spindly legs were gripping the dome of a small mauve stinger jellyfish. In several hundred night dives, Anthony met only a few lobster larvae, and it took many shots of the jellyfish jockey to get a composition he was happy with – a portrait of a creature rarely observed alive in its natural surroundings.
Winner 2017, Black and white: Polar pas de deux © Eilo Elvinger
From her ship, anchored in the icy waters off Svalbard, in Arctic Norway, Eilo spotted a polar bear and her two-year-old cub in the distance, slowly drawing closer. Polar bears are known as hunters, mainly of seals – they can smell prey from nearly a kilometre (more than half a mile) away – but they are also opportunists.
Nearing the ship, they were diverted to a patch of snow soaked in leakage from the vessel’s kitchen and began to lick it. ‘I was ashamed of our contribution to the immaculate landscape’, says Eilo, ‘and of how this influenced the bears’ behaviour.’
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by Rachel Nuwer | 650 words